Diabetes Statistics and Facts

• People with less education have higher prevalence of diabetes.
• Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S.
• 33.9 percent of adults have prediabetes.
• Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90-95 percent of diabetes cases.
• Different ethnic groups have significant variances in diabetes prevalence.
• Diabetes costs the U.S. 245 million dollars per year.
• Many diabetics have risk factors for related complications.
• 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes.
• 34.2 million Americans are living with diabetes.

•According to the CDC, diabetes is associated with education level, which is considered to be an indicator of socioeconomic status. Researchers looked at three groups of adult volunteers in the United States that had varying levels of education. Some had less than a high school degree, some had a high school degree, and others had more than a high school degree. The prevalence of diabetes was 12.6 percent with less than a high school education, 9.5 percent with a high school degree, and 7.2 percent with more than a high school degree. Socioeconomic factors should be considered when educating people about diabetes. This information can be used to help guide diabetes self-management education (DSME).

• According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetes was reported as the seventh leading cause of death in 2017. This number may actually be higher. Based on studies using the information from death certificates, only 35-40 percent of people with diabetes had the condition listed anywhere on the death certificate. People with diabetes often have other comorbidities, such as heart disease or cancer, which are frequently chosen as the cause of death instead of diabetes. Many believe the number of diabetes cases to be largely underreported.

•According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 33.9 percent of adults in the United States have prediabetes. Prediabetes is a higher than normal blood glucose level that is not high enough to be considered diabetes. People with prediabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Men have a higher frequency of prediabetes when compared to women. Men make up 36.6 percent of prediabetes cases, and women make up 29.3 percent of prediabetes cases. •

An article by Healthline discusses the proportion of all diabetes cases that are type 1 versus type 2. Researchers found that a vast majority of cases were type 2 (90-95 percent). Type 2 diabetes is considered to be a preventable disease. There are an approximated 1.4 million new diabetes cases diagnosed in United States every year. 4.6 to 9.2 percent of pregnant women may have gestational diabetes. Having gestational diabetes increases the chance of developing type 2 diabetes in 10 to 20 years. Ten percent of women who had gestational diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes shortly after birth. Even when a woman has gestational diabetes, an active life and a healthy weight can prevent developing type 2 diabetes. It is important for people to be aware of their risks and what they can do to prevent type 2 diabetes.

•According to Medical News Today, the rate of diabetes is different among ethnic groups. The following are percentages of different populations that have diabetes: 7.2 percent of non-Hispanic whites have diabetes, 8.0 percent of Asian Americans have diabetes, 12.1 percent of Hispanics have diabetes, 12.7 percent of non-Hispanic blacks have diabetes, and 15.1 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives have diabetes. The differences between groups could be due to a variety of genetic and cultural factors. The differences could be due to genetics, health conditions, lifestyle, finances, environment, or access to healthcare.

• According to an article by healthypeople.gov, the total financial cost of diabetes in the United States, including medical care, disability, and premature death, was 245 million dollars per year. The medical cost of diabetes is also high. People with diabetes have a 1.8 times greater mortality rate overall when compared to people without diabetes. Diabetes also increases the risk of heart attack by 1.8 times.In addition, diabetes is the main cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputations, and adult onset blindness.

Endocrinology Today reports that many people with diabetes have risk factors for diabetes related complications. 21.6 percent of adults with diabetes used tobacco. 15 percent of people with diabetes who reported using tobacco are current tobacco users, and 36.4 percent of tobacco users reported that they had already quit using. 89 percent of adults with diabetes were overweight or obese, and 38 percent were inactive. This data relied on self reporting. Knowing the risk factors can help guide prevention and management efforts in communities of people.

 

• According to Beyond Type 1, a total of 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes. Right now there are 200,000 people under 20 years old that have type 1 diabetes. That number is expected to rise to 600,000 people under 20 years old by the year 2050. Non-Hispanic whites are the most likely group to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes impacts the economy as well. There is an approximated 14 billion dollars that come from Type 1 diabetes-associated spending and lost time from work. Less than a third regularly achieve target blood glucose levels. One out of every four people say that they have rationed insulin to save money.

• According to the CDC, there are a total of 26.9 million people that have been diagnosed diabetes. There are an approximated 7.3 million undiagnosed people with diabetes, for a grand total of 34.2 million people that are living with diabetes in the United States. That is 10.5 percent of the United States total population.34.5 percent of people (88 million people) aged 18 or older have prediabetes. 24.2 million people over 65 years old have prediabetes. This information can help target outreach to the people that are at risk of getting diabetes or prediabetes.